An ear infection occurs when bacteria or viruses infect the middle ear, causing pain and discomfort. They are common in young children, who should be taken to a doctor.
Ear pain or earache is very common in children and can also affect adults. See your doctor if you or a family member – especially a child or baby – has earache.
Eczema is a common skin condition that causes redness, inflammation, dryness and itching of the skin. The exact cause of eczema is not known but with the most common form of eczema – called atopic dermatitis – there is often a family history of eczema, hay fever and/or asthma.
Erectile dysfunction means a man is unable to maintain an erect penis sufficient for satisfactory sexual intercourse. Many men have erection problems at times, and the likelihood increases with age.
Changes that occur in our eyes as we grow older can have a big effect on our vision.
A fall at any age can be dangerous, but falls become increasingly common and far more likely to cause injury after the age of 55.
Easy-to-read medicine information about fluoxetine – what it is, how to take fluoxetine safely and possible side effects.
Easy-to-read medicine information about folic acid – what is it, how to take folic acid safely and possible side effects.
A food allergy is when the body's immune system reacts to a harmless food as if it were toxic. In most cases, the allergic reaction may cause mild to moderate symptoms such as a rash or an upset tummy. In rare cases, it can cause a severe reaction called anaphylaxis.
Onychomycosis is a common fungal infection of the toenails or fingernails. It can cause discolouration and thickening of one or more nails over a long period of time.
Fussy eating is normal in young children and can be stressful for parents. But, as long as your child is growing and developing healthily, then they're eating enough.
Gastroenteritis (tummy bug, food poisoning, traveller's diarrhoea, viral enteritis or intestinal flu) is a gut infection that causes stomach cramps, vomiting and diarrhoea.
Gastro-oesophageal reflux disease describes inflammation of the lining of the oesophagus due to stomach acid leaking up (refluxing) from the stomach. It is commonly referred to as GORD or GERD (American spelling).
If your child has glue ear, it means there is fluid in the space behind the ear drum. The main symptom of glue ear is reduced hearing.
Gout is a common and painful form of arthritis. It causes severe joint pain and swelling, especially in your toes, knees, elbows, wrists and fingers. If left untreated, gout can cause serious damage to your joints, kidneys and quality of life.
Periodontitis or gum disease is caused by an infection that destroys the bone surrounding and supporting your teeth. It is a serious condition and if you have the symptoms you should see your dentist.
While men experience "male pattern baldness" (vertex balding and/or receding frontal hairline), women generally experience female pattern baldness, which is a thinning over the top of the head or crown while maintaining a frontal hairline.
Abnormal hair loss is non-hereditary and usually temporary. It can be due to many causes, including nutritional deficiencies, disease, medications, reactions to hair products, stress, (also for women, pregnancy).
Everyday, we come in contact with thousands of microscopic germs which have the potential to make us sick. Keeping your hands clean is vital for helping you stay well and preventing the spread of illnesses
Hay fever is the inflammation of the lining of the nose and eyes due to allergy. Many people experience it as seasonal allergy to grass pollens.
The HbA1c test measures your average blood glucose over the previous 8 to 12 weeks and gives an indication of your longer-term blood glucose control. It is used as a screening test to identify diabetes and regular monitoring tool if you have been diagnosed with diabetes.
Head lice are small insects that live on the human scalp. They are common and cause concern and frustration for parents, children and young people. In general, head lice are harmless as they do not carry or spread other diseases, but they are annoying and can be hard to get rid of.
Tips for parents, family/whānau and caregivers on the kinds of food – and how much of each – children need to eat to be healthy.
Infants and children can have temporary or permanent hearing loss that may vary from slight to profound in its severity.
Heart failure occurs when the heart is unable to keep enough blood moving around the body. It does not mean the heart is about to stop, but it does mean that there is a problem with the heart’s pumping action.
Heartburn is a burning feeling that rises from the stomach or lower chest up towards the neck. It can occur at any time but usually it happens after eating.
High blood pressure is a common condition in which the force of your blood against your artery walls is too high, too often. Ongoing high blood pressure, or hypertension, puts stress on the heart and can lead to health problems, such as heart disease and stroke.
Cholesterol is a type of fat in your blood. Most cholesterol is made by your body, but eating fatty foods can lead to high cholesterol levels. Your arteries may clog up with the fatty cholesterol and which increases your risk of having a heart attack or stroke.
The HPV test looks for high-risk types of HPV, which can cause cervical cancer. HPV testing provides an accurate way of telling if high-risk HPV is present in a woman’s cervix. It helps identify whether you will require further assessment or not.
An overactive thyroid (hyperthyroidism) is a condition in which the thyroid gland makes too much thyroid hormone.
Indigestion is a word used to describe stomach pain or discomfort after eating. It is not a disease on its own, but a group of symptoms (such as stomach pain, bloating, or a sense of fullness) you feel soon after eating.
Infant colic is ongoing crying without an obvious cause in otherwise healthy babies. It can be very stressful to manage but usually passes by 16 weeks of age.
Influenza is a viral infection of your nose, throat and sometimes your lungs, but it can affect your whole body. It is a serious viral infection that carries the risk of hospitalisation or even death.
If you have trouble getting to sleep, staying asleep or sleeping for long enough, you may have insomnia. This is a common problem and can be caused by many things. However, there are things you can do to help improve your sleep and there are treatments available if you need them.
Easy-to-read medicine information about iron supplements – what are they, how to take iron supplements safely and possible side effects.
Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is a common condition, associated with a range of symptoms including abdominal cramping, bloating, diarrhoea and constipation. Lifestyle changes, such as changing to a low-FODMAPs diet, keeping active and managing stress, can greatly help improve symptoms and reduce the need for medication.
Kidney disease is any disease or condition that affects the function of the kidneys, which is to filter and remove wastes and water from the bloodstream.
Osteoarthritis is the most is the most common type of knee arthritis. It causes pain and stiffness in the joint.
Liver disease can be inherited or caused by damage to the liver such as from infection, alcohol use and obesity. Over time, damage to the liver causes scarring (cirrhosis), which can lead to life-threatening liver failure.
Easy-to-read medicine information about Madopar – what it is, how to take Madopar safely and possible side effects. Madopar is also called levodopa + benserazide.
A mammogram is a low-dose x-ray of your breast tissue. It can show changes and abnormalities in your breasts before anything can be seen or felt.
Melanoma is a type of cancer that occurs in your skin. It often appears as a new spot on normal skin or develops from an existing mole.
Meningococcal disease is a bacterial infection that can lead to serious illnesses including meningitis and septicaemia. Early symptoms can be similar to influenza (the flu) but quickly get much worse. Meningococcal disease can be treated with antibiotics. Early treatment is very important. Don't wait – take action!
Mental illness is any disease or condition that influences the way a person thinks, feels, behaves and/ or relates to others.
Nappy rash is a red, irritating skin rash in the area covered by the baby's nappy.
Obesity is a medical term used to describe being too heavy for your height so that your health is affected. Obese children and adults are at much greater risk of acute and long-term health problems. The World Health Organisation describes the worldwide prevalence of obesity as an epidemic.
Teeth have a huge influence on your appearance and overall health. Keep them clean, white and healthy and you have a wonderful asset. Neglect them and your appearance and health both suffer. Daily care, along with a healthy diet and regular visits to your dental practice, will keep your smile in top condition.
When it comes to oral care for children, getting off to a good start is essential. Teeth play an important role in jaw development, eating and speech. They need to be healthy and well-cared for from the beginning.
Plaque and tartar provide the ideal environment in which bacteria thrive, causing gum disease and tooth decay. Keeping plaque and tartar at bay with good dental hygiene is key to oral health.
Tooth decay is damage that occurs when a combination of bacteria, plaque and acids in our mouth eat away at a tooth. This can lead to a 'hole' in the tooth, known as a cavity or caries.
Osteoarthritis is the most common form of arthritis. It causes pain, swelling, and reduced movement in the joints.